As the world becomes more and more interconnected and countries begin to rely on imports and exports to keep their economies functioning, forex trading has risen up as a popular alternative to stock trading. Forex traders enjoy the freer schedule that comes along with the decentralized currency market, which forgoes the traditional 9-to-5 schedule on which Wall Street operates.
By shorting €100,000, the trader took in $115,000 for the short-sale. When the euro fell, and the trader covered their short, it cost the trader only $110,000 to repurchase the currency. The difference between the money received on the short-sale and the buy to cover is the profit. Had the euro strengthened versus the dollar, it would have resulted in a loss.
Ready to learn how to trade Forex? The experienced instructors at Online Trading Academy are here to help! The foreign exchange market (also known as forex or FX) is one of the most exciting, fast-paced markets in the financial world. Though historically, forex has been the domain of large institutions, central banks, and high wealth individuals, the growth of the Internet has allowed the average individual to become involved with online currency trading.

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How much each pip is worth is called the "pip value." For any pair where the USD is listed second in the currency pair, the above-mentioned pip values apply. If the USD is listed first, the pip value may be slightly different. To find the pip value of the USD/CHF for example, divide the normal pip value (mentioned above) by the current USD/CHF exchange rate. For example, a micro lot is worth $0.10/0.9435 = $0.1060, where 0.9435 is the current price of the pair and subject to change. For JPY pairs (USD/JPY), go through this same process, but then multiply by 100. For a more detailed explanation, see Calculating Pip Value for Different Forex Pairs and Account Currencies.
A key characteristic of modern money is that it is uniformly worthless in itself. That is, bills are pieces of paper rather than coins made of gold, silver, or bronze. The concept of using paper as a currency may have been developed in China as early as 1000 BC, but the acceptance of a piece of paper in return for something of real value took a long time to catch on. Modern currencies are issued on paper in various denominations, with fractional issues in the form of coins.
There is considerable exposure to risk in any foreign exchange transaction. Any transaction involving currencies involves risks including, but not limited to, the potential for changing political and/or economic conditions that may substantially affect the price or liquidity of a currency. Investments in foreign exchange speculation may also be susceptible to sharp rises and falls as the relevant market values fluctuate. The leveraged nature of Forex trading means that any market movement will have an equally proportional effect on your deposited funds. This may work against you as well as for you. Not only may investors get back less than they invested, but in the case of higher risk strategies, investors may lose the entirety of their investment. It is for this reason that when speculating in such markets it is advisable to use only risk capital. Benefits and Risks of Leverage
To use an extreme example, imagine holding an account balance of 2,000 EUR and putting all of that on a single trade. If the trade goes badly, you will have lost your entire investment, and because the Forex market can move very quickly, losses can also happen very quickly. This is where risk management is essential - to help you minimise losses and protect any profits you do make. The key areas to consider when managing your Forex trading risk are trading psychology, and money management.
However, since the Forex market is a global market, it means there is always a part of the world that is awake and conducting business, and during these hours their currencies tend to experience the most movement. For example, currency pairs involving the US dollar experience the most movement during US business hours (16:00 to 24:00 GMT), while the Euro, Pound, Swiss Franc and other European currencies experience the most movement during European business hours, (8:00 and 16:00 GMT).

Our previous education campaign, Zero to Hero, was so popular that we decided to make a brand new one! Forex 101 is a Forex trading course designed to help even absolute beginners learn how to trade. The training course is absolutely free and 100% online. Each lesson will feature a video, written notes and a follow-up quiz. The course will be split over 3 steps - `Beginner`, `Intermediate` and `Advanced`. The world of Forex trading awaits... Are you ready for class?
Forex volatility is declining, reducing the risk for investors. In the late 1990s, volatility was often in the teens. It sometimes rose to as high as 20 percent with U.S. dollar versus yen trades. Today, volatility is below 10 percent. This number takes into account historical volatility, or how much prices went up and down in the past. It also includes implied volatility. That's how much future prices are expected to vary, as measured by futures options. 

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Most retail investors should spend time investigating a forex dealer to find out whether it is regulated in the U.S. or the U.K. (dealers in the U.S. and U.K. have more oversight) or in a country with lax rules and oversight. It is also a good idea to find out what kind of account protections are available in case of a market crisis, or if a dealer becomes insolvent.
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Some of the participants in this market are simply seeking to exchange a foreign currency for their own, like multinational corporations which must pay wages and other expenses in different nations than they sell products in. However, a large part of the market is made up of currency traders, who speculate on movements in exchange rates, much like others would speculate on movements of stock prices. Currency traders try to take advantage of even small fluctuations in exchange rates.
Run by Andrew Mitchem, a trader from New Zealand, his online course ‘The Successful Trader System’ has coached people from more than 58 countries around the world. He teaches the system that he utilizes in his own trades every day and on top of the training, includes daily trade recommendations and weekly live trading room webinars for those who purchase his course. If you’re after even more then consider his one-on-one training which includes a full day live training wherever you’re based around the globe.
The modern foreign exchange market began forming during the 1970s. This followed three decades of government restrictions on foreign exchange transactions under the Bretton Woods system of monetary management, which set out the rules for commercial and financial relations among the world's major industrial states after World War II. Countries gradually switched to floating exchange rates from the previous exchange rate regime, which remained fixed per the Bretton Woods system.
Traders can also make short trades (also known as sell trades), where they sell a Forex CFD at the ask price and, once the price drops, buy it at a lower bid price, and profit on the difference. In this case, if the GBP/USD ask price was 1.32265, and the trade closed at the price of 1.31203, the difference would be 0.01062, or 106.2 pips (which would amount to 1,062 USD in profit).

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Understanding the above concepts will help you grasp what's happening when you see a forex pair rising or falling on a chart. If you do the math on the difference in pips between two price points, it will also help you see the profit potential available from such moves. For more on starting out in forex trading, see Minimum Capital Required to Start Day Trading Forex and How Much Money Can I Make Forex Day Trading? Both these articles provide more examples of how profit is realized in the forex market, as well as introducing new concepts, such as leverage.
Individual retail speculative traders constitute a growing segment of this market. Currently, they participate indirectly through brokers or banks. Retail brokers, while largely controlled and regulated in the US by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and National Futures Association, have previously been subjected to periodic foreign exchange fraud.[64][65] To deal with the issue, in 2010 the NFA required its members that deal in the Forex markets to register as such (I.e., Forex CTA instead of a CTA). Those NFA members that would traditionally be subject to minimum net capital requirements, FCMs and IBs, are subject to greater minimum net capital requirements if they deal in Forex. A number of the foreign exchange brokers operate from the UK under Financial Services Authority regulations where foreign exchange trading using margin is part of the wider over-the-counter derivatives trading industry that includes contracts for difference and financial spread betting.
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The famous and painfully true statement from John Maynard Keynes states, "The market can stay irrational, longer than you can stay solvent." In other words, it does little good to say the market is acting irrationally and that it will come around (meaning in the direction of your trade) because extreme moves define capital markets in the first place.
The term ‘Forex’ stands for Foreign Exchange. Forex trading in simple terms is the trading in currencies from different countries against each other; for example the US Dollar against the Euro. Anyone who deals with a foreign country – be it a holiday there, or wanting to purchase something from that country or pay for a service, generally requires the currency of that country to do so. For example, to pay for your college fees at Dubai, I need to make the payments in UAE Dhirams as Indian Rupees are not accepted there. Of course, I could pay in US Dollars too, as it is accepted almost everywhere, but that is a different story. So, in order to make this payment, I would have to buy UAE Dhirams by paying the equivalent amount in Indian Rupees. Remember all those signs stating ‘Foreign Currency Sold / Exchange here’; well, that is where I give the Indian Rupees and get UAE Dhirams in exchange. Now for these brokers to be able to give me UAE Dhirams, they need to buy the same – this is done in the foreign exchange market – the largest, most liquid financial market where currencies worth over $4 trillion are exchanged daily. One of the most fascinating things about this market – there is no brick and mortar marketplace for Forex trading. Every transaction is done electronically over-the-counter. Unlike the stock exchange, the Forex market remains open round the clock with currencies traded across every time zone, five days every week. Fascinating, isn’t it?
Along with being able to access a wide range of financial markets, another benefit of trading CFDs is that a trader can access a much larger portion of those markets, and increase their potential profits as a result. CFD contracts provide leveraged access to the market, meaning a trader can access a much larger portion of the market than what they would be able to purchase outright.
Run by Andrew Mitchem, a trader from New Zealand, his online course ‘The Successful Trader System’ has coached people from more than 58 countries around the world. He teaches the system that he utilizes in his own trades every day and on top of the training, includes daily trade recommendations and weekly live trading room webinars for those who purchase his course. If you’re after even more then consider his one-on-one training which includes a full day live training wherever you’re based around the globe.
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Trading charts simply chronicle the price movements of different trading instruments over time, which allows traders to identify patterns in price movements and make trading decisions based on the assumption that these patterns will repeat in the future. For example, one trading chart format is the Japanese candlestick chart, which is formatted to emphasise high and low price points for certain time increments (these increments can be set by the trader in their trading platform).
Like any market there is a bid/offer spread (difference between buying price and selling price). On major currency crosses, the difference between the price at which a market maker will sell ("ask", or "offer") to a wholesale customer and the price at which the same market-maker will buy ("bid") from the same wholesale customer is minimal, usually only 1 or 2 pips. In the EUR/USD price of 1.4238 a pip would be the '8' at the end. So the bid/ask quote of EUR/USD might be 1.4238/1.4239.

The Online Trading Academy features a rating of 4.73 stars (out of 5) from a whopping 137,000 reviews. If that’s not impressive enough then they also hold free half-day training courses all around the world - simply visit their site and find one near you.  Their training system starts with the free half-day live training before progressing through various levels of courses and eventually joining the mastermind community.
So we decided to make a video that explains the first things traders need to know in an easy and accessible way. Demonstrating them in the Trading 212 app, trading expert David Jones guides you through the meaning of the first terms and actions that you'll come across. These are always at the base of the skills all knowledgeable traders have and need to take on the markets.
FX Academy: Want to learn the best methods for FX trading? This site will help you to become a successful trader in no time and start making money within a few weeks! You can partake in challenges to always test your mind and keep you thinking. There is no pressure so you can invest your money when and if you want to. You can also learn at your own pace, choose your own lessons and you don’t have to move on until your competent. This site can teach you all this plus more, for free!

In a currency pair with a wider spread, such as the EURCZK, the currency will need to make a larger movement in order for the trade to become profitable. At the time of writing, the bid price for this pair is 25.4373, while the ask price is 25.4124, so the spread is 0.0200, or 20 pips. It's also not uncommon for this currency pair to have movements of less than 20 pips a day, meaning traders will likely need to perform a multi-day trade to make a profit. 

Currencies are traded against one another in pairs. Each currency pair thus constitutes an individual trading product and is traditionally noted XXXYYY or XXX/YYY, where XXX and YYY are the ISO 4217 international three-letter code of the currencies involved. The first currency (XXX) is the base currency that is quoted relative to the second currency (YYY), called the counter currency (or quote currency). For instance, the quotation EURUSD (EUR/USD) 1.5465 is the price of the Euro expressed in US dollars, meaning 1 euro = 1.5465 dollars. The market convention is to quote most exchange rates against the USD with the US dollar as the base currency (e.g. USDJPY, USDCAD, USDCHF). The exceptions are the British pound (GBP), Australian dollar (AUD), the New Zealand dollar (NZD) and the euro (EUR) where the USD is the counter currency (e.g. GBPUSD, AUDUSD, NZDUSD, EURUSD).
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Welcome to our blog on forex trading for beginners, written for individuals who desire to explore the currency markets and develop a secondary source of income that’s reliable as well as consistent. As a beginner’s guide to forex trading, the blog tries to help individuals starting with their forex journey understand the nitty-gritty of forex trading and etch out a career as a Forex trader. We at Platinum Trading Institute (PTI) would like to welcome you for taking the first step to achieving financial independence by learning to trade financial markets. We can understand that as an FX trading beginner, you are uncertain and fearful about the process. At PTI, we strive to help you minimize that fear, and trade with confidence, knowledge resulting in immeasurable success.
Individual retail speculative traders constitute a growing segment of this market. Currently, they participate indirectly through brokers or banks. Retail brokers, while largely controlled and regulated in the US by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission and National Futures Association, have previously been subjected to periodic foreign exchange fraud.[64][65] To deal with the issue, in 2010 the NFA required its members that deal in the Forex markets to register as such (I.e., Forex CTA instead of a CTA). Those NFA members that would traditionally be subject to minimum net capital requirements, FCMs and IBs, are subject to greater minimum net capital requirements if they deal in Forex. A number of the foreign exchange brokers operate from the UK under Financial Services Authority regulations where foreign exchange trading using margin is part of the wider over-the-counter derivatives trading industry that includes contracts for difference and financial spread betting.
USAA is among the greatest and best-known titles in the financial sector, offering a vast assortment of merchandise out of insurance to investment information. The USAA system is a full service solution, offering a good solution for casual dealers, buy-and-hold investors, and people who need an expert to perform the heavy lifting. Its deficiency of…
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Prepare for the worst: While this might sound pessimistic, in Forex trading it is better to prepare for the worst than expect the best. There have been many times in history when financial markets and individual trading instruments have experienced sudden spikes or drops in value. By considering the worst possible outcome of a trade, you can take measures to protect yourself, should this happen, such as by setting a stop loss in advance.
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